Evaluation of nasal conditions with medical and surgical therapy including septoplasty, endoscopic sinus surgery, turbinate surgery, adenoidectomy, and choanal atresia repair:
- Endoscopic sinus surgery – going through the nose using lighted telescopes and specialized instruments to remove polyps, open up the sinus cavities to remove infection, or remove tumors. The surgery may be aided with the use of balloons (Balloon Sinuplasty) or tracking devices (Image Guidance).
- Septoplasty – going through the nose to straighten deviated bone and cartilage to improve nasal breathing and decrease infections.
- Inferior turbinate reduction – going through the nose and reducing the size of the inferior turbinates to decrease nasal obstruction and improve breathing. This is frequently done along with a Septoplasty.
- Adenoidectomy – going through the mouth and above the palate to remove the lymphoid tissue (adenoids) behind the nose to improve breathing, decrease nasal and sinus infections, or decrease ear infections.
- Closed reduction of nasal bone fractures – go through the nose to elevated the displaced nasal bones to try and restore their position after a fracture.
- Choanal atresia repair – go through the nose (or rarely through the mouth) to remove a bone or membrane that was present at birth to restore nasal breathing.